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Sunday, February 2, 2020 | History

3 edition of Drainage Basin Form & Process found in the catalog.

Drainage Basin Form & Process

A Geomorphological Approach

by Kenneth John Gregory

  • 65 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Halsted Press .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Engineering - Civil,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages465
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL10280048M
    ISBN 100470151986
    ISBN 109780470151983

    FS values are also indicative of slope steepness, low infiltration rate, and high flooding potential. San Francisco, Calif. Complete the 'Drainage basin - an open system' annotation task. Storage — water stored in the system Interception — this is when precipitation lands on buildings, vegetation and concrete before it reaches the soil. This open system has a range of inputs, outputs, stores, transfers and flows. Understand the terms perimeter, watershed, catchment, stream order and bifurcation ratio.

    Measurement of the discharge of water from a basin may be made by a stream gauge located at the basin's outlet. Grey areas are endorheic basins that do not drain to the ocean. Modelling this relationship When there are fractures in the massive rock on which the water flows, such as fault lines or joints, the drainage patterns assume right angles and form a rectangular pattern.

    With the water, they are transported towards the outlet of the basin, and can affect the ecological processes along the way as well as in the receiving water source. In endorheic bodies of standing water where evaporation is the primary means of water loss, the water is typically more saline than the oceans. There is an imaginary line separating drainage basins called a watershed. How to cite The drainage basin, sometimes referred to as catchment or watershed in the USAis the fundamental geomorphic unit, which is the accounting unit that collects precipitation and produces runoff and river flow. Atlantic Ocean basin is approximately


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Drainage Basin Form & Process book

The largest of these Drainage Basin Form & Process book of much of the interior of Asiawhich drains into the Caspian Seathe Aral Seaand numerous smaller lakes.

This system is a closed system. Bibliography Adams, F. For example, rainfall on roofs, pavementsand roads will be collected by rivers with almost no absorption into the groundwater. A drainage basin and its watershed. Transfers or flows include percolation, overland flow, infiltration, stemflow, throughflow and overland flow.

Storage — water stored in the system Interception — this is when precipitation lands on buildings, vegetation and concrete before it reaches the soil. The cryosphere is those portions of Earth's surface where water is in solid form, including sea ice, lake ice, river ice, snow cover, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, and frozen ground which includes permafrost.

Ensure that you read the information above carefully first to identify where in the system, water can be stored as ice. Rain that falls in steep mountainous areas will reach the primary river in the drainage basin faster than flat or lightly sloping areas e.

The three rivers that drain the most water, from most to least, are the Amazon, Gangaand Congo rivers. River discharge The two major mediterranean seas of the world also flow to the Atlantic: The Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico basin includes most of the U.

Understand the following terms: types of flow, channel shape, bed roughness hydraulic radiusgradient, transportation, competence, capacity, erosion and deposition. After prolonged rainfall even free-draining soils can become saturatedmeaning that any further rainfall will reach the river rather than being absorbed by the ground.

Outputs move moisture out of the drainage basin and include evaporation and transpiration from vegetation together known as evapotranspirationrun-off into the sea and percolation of water to underlying rock strata into underground stores.

Click get started button below. The cryosphere is an integral part of the global climate system with important linkages and feedbacks generated through its influence on surface energy and moisture fluxes, clouds, precipitation, hydrology, atmospheric and oceanic circulation. Drainage Basin definition: The area of land feeding all water that enters a river, leaving at a discharge point to another body of water.

Calculating the area between these curves and adding up the volume of water is time consuming. Exam question.

Soil type[ edit ] Soil type will help determine how much water reaches the river. It includes oceanic sea drainage basins which have hydrologically coherent areas oceanic seas are set by IHO convention.

As you move from the source to the mouth, both the discharge and velocity of a river increases. The key terms you need to understand are listed below. Top 10 facts about the world A drainage basin is a naturally occurring extent of land which serves as a funnel to channel precipitation and excess water to a nearby river or stream.

Comparable community groups based in Ontario, Canada, are called conservation authorities. Controls on a drainage system Appreciate that controls should not be viewed in isolation from one another but as an interacting set contributing to the behaviour of a drainage system, most notably in times of flooding.

The Southern Ocean drains Antarctica. Google Scholar Newson, M. In Arctic deserts much of the snowfall sublimates directly into the air and does not melt into flowing water, while in equatorial deserts precipitation may evaporate before joining any substantial water course.

Drainage basin

Furthermore, high relief values exist, ranging from m to m for the dip slope basins, and from m to m for the faulted-erosional slope catchments indicting high relief and steep slopes. What Is A Drainage Basin? Study the following controls: basin size, shape and relief including slopeatmospheric controls, rock type, soil, land use and vegetation.A drainage basin is the area of land that provides all water for a river that eventually exits to another body of water (another river, a lake, sea or ocean).

The exit is the end of the drainage basin and is also referred as a watershed and catchment area. The drainage area of the basin was found to be km2 and shows sub-dendritic to dendritic drainage pattern.

The study area designated as 7thorder basin with the drainage density value being. A Drainage Basin Planning Study (DBPS) process is used to define major stormwater improvement needs in the City. Each DBPS identifies needed improvements, environmental impacts and estimated costs. The needs may be located in older, existing developed areas, areas that are City responsibility, or areas to be developed that developers will be responsible for.

sylvaindez.com: Drainage basin form and process;: A geomorphological approach () by Gregory, K. J and a great selection of similar New, Used and 4/5(3).

List of drainage basins by area

Ramesh )The recognition of the drainage basin as fundamental unit of landform in fluvial terrain {Chorley, ) and the drainage basin is the most commonly analysed in morphometry (Gardiner, ).The geomophometric Characteristics of a basin help in understanding the hydrological properties of.

Mar 10,  · Instead of asking students to illustrate the traditional model of a drainage basin, I always create this classic (oldie, but a goodie) pop-up version. Once created students are very proud to open their book to watch their drainage basin pop-up.

What equipment will you need: Green card or paper Compass Ruler Pencil Blue and preferably.